The French instigated invasion of Fishguard, remembered as the “last invasion of Britain,” began on this day in British history, 22 February 1797. Approximately 1,400 troops from La Legion Noire (including 800 irregulars) landed at Carregwastad Head near Fishguard on 22 February. Upon landing discipline broke down amongst the irregulars, many of whom deserted to loot nearby settlements. The remaining troops were met by a quickly assembled group of around 500 British reservists, militia and sailors. After brief clashes with the local civilian population and the British forces on 23 February, the invaders were forced into an unconditional surrender by 24 February.
The images above show the centennial and bicentennial monuments to memorialize the landing of the last invasion of Britain at Carregwastad Head, Wales, and the Battle of Fishguard.
Several years ago I drew a portrait of Dumbledore, with flawless skin (except for his cursed hand) in the pose of Napoleon as painted by Antoine-Jean Gros. No, I don’t know why. You’re welcome.
Too good not to reblog.
[Description: Partial screenshot of the AO3 homepage, with current account and work numbers in bold font. We have reached 1,000,000 works!]Join us in celebrating over at the AO3 News blogor use the #ao3million tag to party with us on Tumblr and Twitter!
If it exists, there is fanfic of it…somewhere in that 1 million. Go AO3!
Paul Sanby, Hyde Park 1780
Royal Artillery, two Soldiers and a grenadier sorta just talking and hanging out
One of several temporary encampments set up round London during the Gordon riots.
I guess this was a slow day for rioting.
Hello back! I must say I don’t recall ever seeing Pitt referred to as “the father of income tax”. Certainly during his lifetime I think it would have been highly unlikely - he only introduced it 7 years before he died. He also only intended the tax to be a temporary wartime measure, and it was actually briefly abolished after 3 or 4 years. It was reintroduced by Addington, his successor, and then abolished again after the Napoleonic War ended, by which time Pitt had been dead for several years. If he did eventually come to be regarded as the “father” of the tax, I’d guess it was by the Victorians who resurrected it and brought it back for good.
'The plumb-pudding in danger' is probably Gillray's most famous print. It achieves its impact through the simplicity of its design and the brilliant economy with which Gillray captures the political situation. Napoleon Bonaparte and William Pitt face each other across a steaming 'plum-pudding' globe, both intent on carving themselves a substantial portion of the world. Pitt appears calm, meticulous and confident, spearing the pudding with a trident indicative of British naval supremacy. He lays claim to the oceans and the West Indies. In contrast Napoleon Bonaparte reaches from his chair with covetous, twitching eyes fixed on the prize of Europe and cuts away France, Holland, Spain, Switzerland, Italy and the Mediterranean.
My guest blog post on the 208th anniversary of William Pitt’s death.
23 January 1806: William Pitt the Younger Dies at Age 46
William Pitt the Younger was a British politician at the turn of the 19th century. He is remembered as being the youngest person to become Prime Minister, an office he first occupied at age 24. Pitt’s tenures as Prime Minister (he was Prime Minister two separate times) coincided with the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, conflicts in which he showed great skill in leadership. He was a finance expert and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer during his ministries. Pitt suffered ill health during the entirety of his life, and on 23 January 1806, he died a premature death due to a stomach condition.
…conflicts in which he showed great skill in leadership…. Or as Pitt himself put it, “I distrust extremely any ideas of my own on military matters…”
Billy’s Ghost, or, Seasonable Admonition, by Charles Williams, 1806.
On this day, 23rd January, in 1806, William Pitt breathed his last. Shortly afterwards he returned to haunt Charles James Fox:
Thou hast now stept into power; and tho’ my opponent through life, let me give thee this Council - Trust to your own powers - give no ear to the blood-suckers of the Court or the City, they are a miscreant race and will leave thee nothing but poor Mens curses, loud and deep. Raise John Bull and his Family to their former comforts, and be to the People of England what my Illustrious Father was when he closed his glorious career - Farewell, remember my Council.
Fox never recovered from the shock, and he too died later the same year.
Democratic Leveling;—Alliance a la Francoise;—or—The Union of the Coronet & Clyster-pipe by James Gillray, 1796.
Lady Lucy Stanhope was the niece of William Pitt and the sister of the more famous Lady Hester Stanhope. At the age of 16 she married a local medical man, Thomas Taylor of Sevenoaks. Her father, the radical minded Earl Stanhope (often known as “Citizen Stanhope”) is shown wearing a Jacobin bonnet rouge and no breeches. Opposition leaders Fox and Sheridan officiate.
In fact, although the wedding did take place by special licence at the family seat of Chevening, Stanhope was against the match. To quote Tresham Lever (House of Pitt, 1947), “Lord Stanhope’s democratic principles did not cover such a mésalliance,” and the young couple were afterwards not received at the house. Luckily Pitt was on their side and
gave the finger to Stanhope provided them with an income by making Taylor Controller-General in the Customs.
The marriage was apparently a happy one. Lucy died in 1814, aged 34, having borne at least eight children (seven surviving). Thomas Taylor lived until 1841 and did not, as far as I know, remarry.